万维网之父 Tim Berners-Lee 要将互联网数据控制权归还给用户

我一直认为网络是为每个人服务的。这就是我和其他人为了保护它而激烈斗争的原因。我们设法带来的变化创造了一个更好、更紧密的世界。但是,尽管我们取得了种种好处,但网络已经演变成一个不平等和分裂的发动机;受到强大的势力的影响,这些势力利用网络为自己制定议程。

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今天,我相信我们已经达到了一个临界点,而强大的变革是可能的,也是必要的。
这就是为什么近年来我一直与麻省理工和其他地方的一些人合作开发Solid,这是一个开放源码项目,用于恢复个人在网络上的权力和机构。

Solid改变了当前的模型——用户必须将个人数据交给数字巨头来交换感知价值。正如我们所发现的,这并不是我们最大的利益。Solid的目的是恢复平衡——通过以一种革命性的方式给予我们对数据的完全控制,无论是个人还是其他。

Solid是一个使用现有Web构建的平台。它为每个用户提供了关于数据存储在哪里、哪些特定人员和组织可以访问指定的元素以及选择哪些应用程序可以使用。它允许你、你的家人和同事与任何人链接和分享数据。它允许人们同时使用不同的应用程序查看相同的数据。

Solid释放了创造、解决问题和商业的不可思议的机会。它将为个人、开发者和企业提供全新的方法来构思、构建和发现创新、可信和有益的应用和服务。我看到多个市场的可能性,包括Solid的应用程序和数据存储。

数据应该赋予你力量

Solid遵循“通过数据增强个人能力”的原则,我们认为,该原则对于下一代网络的成功至关重要。我们相信数据应该赋能我们每个人。

想象一下,如果你们当前的所有应用程序都互相交谈,并以构思丰富和精简你们个人生活和商业目标的方法进行合作?一种具有创新,智慧和创造力的Soild应用程序将产生。

使用Solid,你将拥有更多的个人代理来处理数据——你可以决定哪些应用程序可以访问它。

注入动量

2009年,我说:“我设想的网络我们还没有看到。”那是因为人们使用网络只是为了文档,而不是为了大型网络计算机中的数据。从那时起,我们看到了开放数据的浪潮,而不是读写数据。例如,许多开放的政府数据是通过单向管道产生的,所以我们只能查看它。伴随Soild,它会成为一个读写网络,用户可以交互和创新,协作和共享。

同时,也有一股担忧,以及渴望改变的能量。人们希望拥有一个他们可以信任的网络。人们需要应用程序来帮助他们做他们想做的和需要做的事情,而不是去监视他们。应用程序并没有别有用心的动机来分散他们购买这个或那个的主张。人们愿意为这种质量和保证付出成本。例如,现在人们在Dropbox等地方支付存储费用。Solid会提供一种必要的,不同且有益的新方法。

要构建新的Solid平台并推动其广泛采用,需要付出很多努力,但我认为我们有足够的精力将世界带到一个新的转折点。

因此,我从麻省理工学院休假,减少了与世界万维网联盟(W3C)的日常接触,并建立了一家名为Inrupt的公司,我将以非常直接的方式指导下一阶段的网络。Inrupt将是基础设施,促进Solid蓬勃发展。它的任务是提供商业能源和生态系统,以帮助保护基于Solid的新网络的完整性和质量。

关于开源成果有很多例子,这得益于资源丰富的公司的贡献。虽然开源社区提供了主动性和深度的创新来源,但日常网络用户以及企业经常从商业实体寻找应用程序和服务,商业实体也提供技术支持和重要的辅助业务服务。

我相信同样的模式将是Solid成功的关键。Inrupt的成功与Solid的成功绑定在一起。我的合伙人和Inrupt的联合创始人是John Bruce,一位经验丰富的商业领袖,有能力实现我的理想。我们对创建一个更好、更平衡的网络有着同样的热情。

总之,Solid和Inrupt将为每个网络用户提供新的体验,而这在今天的网络上是不可能的。在个人,开发者和企业创造和发现创新,生活和商业丰富,应用和服务。在这里我们都可以找到可信的服务来存储、保护和管理个人数据。

我对未来非常乐观。

原文如下,原文地址:《One Small Step for the Web...

I’ve always believed the web is for everyone. That's why I and others fight fiercely to protect it. The changes we’ve managed to bring have created a better and more connected world. But for all the good we’ve achieved, the web has evolved into an engine of inequity and division; swayed by powerful forces who use it for their own agendas.

Today, I believe we’ve reached a critical tipping point, and that powerful change for the better is possible - and necessary.

This is why I have, over recent years, been working with a few people at MIT and elsewhere to develop Solid, an open-source project to restore the power and agency of individuals on the web.

Solid changes the current model where users have to hand over personal data to digital giants in exchange for perceived value. As we’ve all discovered, this hasn’t been in our best interests. Solid is how we evolve the web in order to restore balance - by giving every one of us complete control over data, personal or not, in a revolutionary way.

Solid is a platform, built using the existing web. It gives every user a choice about where data is stored, which specific people and groups can access select elements, and which apps you use. It allows you, your family and colleagues, to link and share data with anyone. It allows people to look at the same data with different apps at the same time.

Solid unleashes incredible opportunities for creativity, problem-solving and commerce. It will empower individuals, developers and businesses with entirely new ways to conceive, build and find innovative, trusted and beneficial applications and services. I see multiple market possibilities, including Solid apps and Solid data storage.

Data should empower you

Solid is guided by the principle of “personal empowerment through data” which we believe is fundamental to the success of the next era of the web. We believe data should empower each of us.

Imagine if all your current apps talked to each other, collaborating and conceiving ways to enrich and streamline your personal life and business objectives? That’s the kind of innovation, intelligence and creativity Solid apps will generate.

With Solid, you will have far more personal agency over data - you decide which apps can access it.

Injecting momentum

In 2009, I said, “The web as I envisaged it we have not seen yet.” That was because people were using the web just for documents, not for the data of a big web-wide computer. Since then, we have seen a wave of open data, but not of read-write data. For example, much open government data is produced through a one-way pipeline, so we can only view it. With Solid, it becomes a read-write web where users can interact and innovate, collaborate and share.

Meanwhile though, there is a wave of concern, and related energy, desperate for change. People want to have a web they can trust. People want apps that help them do what they want and need to do - without spying on them. Apps that don’t have an ulterior motive of distracting them with propositions to buy this or that. People will pay for this kind of quality and assurance. For example, today people pay for storage in places like Dropbox. There is a need for Solid, and the different, beneficial approach it will provide.

It is going to take a lot of effort to build the new Solid platform and drive broad adoption but I think we have enough energy to take the world to a new tipping point.

So I have taken a sabbatical from MIT, reduced my day-to-day involvement with the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and founded a company called inrupt where I will be guiding the next stage of the web in a very direct way. Inrupt will be the infrastructure allowing Solid to flourish. Its mission is to provide commercial energy and an ecosystem to help protect the integrity and quality of the new web built on Solid.

There are many examples of open-source efforts that have benefited hugely from the contribution of a well-resourced company. While the open-source community provides initiative and a deep source of innovation, everyday web users as well as businesses often look for applications and services from a commercial entity that also provides technical support and vital, ancillary business services.

I believe this same model will be critical to the success of Solid. Inrupt’s success is totally aligned to Solid’s success. My partner and inrupt co-founder is John Bruce, an experienced business leader with the skills to execute on my vision for Solid. We share the same passion for creating a better and more balanced web.

Together, Solid and inrupt will provide new experiences benefitting every web user - and that are impossible on the web today. Where individuals, developers and businesses create and find innovative, life- and business-enriching, applications and services. Where we all find trusted services for storing, securing and managing personal data.

I’m incredibly optimistic for this next era of the web.

I’ll still be acting as Founder and Director of W3C, the Web Foundation and the Open Data Institute as these are vital components for protecting what has been - and what will come. Inrupt, a W3C member, uses many existing standards and is part of the standards-building community. The Web Foundation advocates for data rights as part of its mission to advance a free and open web that benefits humanity. And the Open Data Institute's drive to make data as open as possible while respecting privacy is very relevant. I wear many hats and when I’m working in each capacity, I’ll always try to act according to the interests of that organization.

These are very exciting times. I will be committed to steering the direction of Solid, and developing its future governance. Inrupt will do many things: its first priority will be the Solid ecosystem. With the right values and a foundational corporate infrastructure, we will build beneficial systems that work for everyone.

The future is still so much bigger than the past.

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